The Different Types of Air Purification and Filtration Systems

Air Purification and Filtration

If you’re concerned about the quality of the air you breathe, having an air purification or filtration system will free you from your worries. These systems are designed to clean the air by removing airborne contaminants and germs. Though both systems have similar functions, you must note that not all air purification and filtration systems are made alike.

Air purifiers and filters come in various types, so choosing a device that suits your needs can get tricky. However, you can make your search easier by knowing and understanding how each type of system works. Here’s a look at the different types of air purification and filtration systems in the market today.

Air Purification and Filtration

Activated Carbon

Activated carbon is a form of carbon that’s been treated with oxygen. Once the carbon has been activated, the filter becomes extremely porous and is given a larger surface area to pull impurities in the air. Activated carbon filters can absorb and neutralize air pollutants like harmful chemicals, gasses, and tobacco odors. However, activated carbon can only deal with volatile chemicals on a molecular level and nothing larger. Activated carbon best suits environments where chemicals need to be removed from the air.


High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters can remove up to 99.97% of airborne contaminants, making them extremely effective air cleaners. They’re comprised of fiberglass mats, which are folded back and forth to create an accordion shape, trapping any impurities as air flows through the system. The more times air passes through the HEPA filters, the cleaner it gets. Once the filters are full, they’ll need to be changed as air won’t be able to pass. HEPA filters typically last 2 to 4 years.

UV Light

Air purification systems that utilize UV technology don’t get rid of airborne particles, but they can kill germs, bacteria, and viruses. As microorganisms pass through the UV rays, cellular damage occurs – killing the microorganism in the process.

Antibacterial and Germicidal Filters

Antibacterial and germicidal filters can increase a HEPA filter’s air filtrating abilities, but they can also be used alone. Sometimes, antibacterial and germicidal filters also use UV rays, making it possible to eliminate germs, viruses, and bacteria.


Pre-filters block large particles from coming in contact with sensitive devices. Pre-filters work similarly to HEPA and other filters, but they’re generally made of nylon or foam. Since pre-filters are made from either material, they can be easily washed and used repeatedly.

Now that you know and understand how the different types of air purification and filtration systems work, you can purchase a device that suits your needs. Looking for a  high-quality and reliable system for your property in  St. Augustine, Ponte Vedra, Jacksonville, St. Johns, Palm Coast and surrounding areas in Northeast Florida? Contact Taylor Refrigeration & AC today. We offer excellent Carrier air purification and filtration systems, so you can provide your family with the best air quality all year round. Give us a call at 904-289-2355 for a free quote.